Association between denture use and food form in older adults requiring long-term care: A multicenter cross-sectional study

Kenshu Taira, Yutaka Watanabe, Kazutaka Okada, Miyako Kondo, Maaya Takeda, Kayoko Ito, Junko Nakajima, Masanori Iwasaki, Masataka Itoda, Ken Inohara, Rikimaru Sasaki, Yasuhiro Nishi, Junichi Furuya, Yoshihiko Watanabe, George Umemoto, Masako Kishima, Takashi Tohara, Yuji Sato, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Yutaka Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aimed to determine whether denture use contributes to maintaining and improving food forms in long-term care facility (LTCFs) residents. Methods: In 888 residents of 37 LTCFs in Japan, the following were investigated: nutritional intake status, food forms, age, sex, Barthel index (BI), clinical dementia rating (CDR), number of teeth present, number of occlusal supports, swallowing function, and use of dentures. Among all residents, those who were well-nourished and had ≤9 occlusal supports were analyzed. Based on standardized criteria, the food forms consumed by the subjects were divided into two groups: dyspha-gia and normal diet, which were further classified into four levels. Analysis was performed using a generalized estimation equation with the four levels of food forms as dependent variables and age, sex, BI, CDR, presence of dysphagia, number of teeth present, and use of dentures as independent variables. Results: The final analysis included 622 (70.0%) residents. Of these, 380 (61.1%) used dentures. The analyses revealed that food form was significantly associated with age (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.98), BI (OR, 1.04), number of teeth present (OR, 1.03), presence of dysphagia (OR, 0.44), and use of dentures (OR, 2.82). Conclusions: Denture use was associated with food forms among Japanese LTCF residents. This indicates that the use of dentures is related to the maintenance of food forms, even in the elderly who participate in few activities of daily living, have reduced cognitive function, and require long-term care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-375
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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