Association between genetic polymorphisms related to DNA repair or xenobiotic pathways and gastric premalignant conditions

Tomomitsu Tahara, Tomoyuki Shibata, Masakatsu Nakamura, Hiromi Yamashita, Daisuke Yoshioka, Masaaki Okubo, Joh Yonemura, Yoshio Kamiya, Takamitsu Ishizuka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Masami Iwata, Ichiro Hirata, Tomiyasu Arisawa

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Abstract

Background: Genetic factors related to DNA repair or xenobiotic pathways might confer different degrees of susceptibility to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related gastric carcinogenesis. The association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln, and Arg194Trp, GSTP1 Ile104Val, and GSTT1, GSTM1 null polymorphisms with gastric intestinal metaplasia, severity of histological gastritis, and peptic ulcer diseases were evaluated in a Japanese population. Patients and Methods: XRCC1 Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp, GSTP1 Ile104Val and GSTT1, GSTM1 null polymorphisms were genotyped in 280 cancer-free individuals, including 52 gastric and 31 duodenal ulcer patients. Results: Among the five polymorphisms, a significant association between the GSTT1 and GSTM1 null genotypes and increased risk of intestinal metaplasia was found (GSTT1 null: OR=2.42, 95% CI=1.28-4.60, p=0.007, GSTM1 null: OR=2.18, 95% CI=1.15-4.13, p=0.019). When the severity of gastric atrophy was classified into the following three groups: non-atrophy (NA) (atrophy score=0 and metaplasia score=0); severe atrophy (SA) (atrophy score≥2 or metaplasia score≥2) and mild atrophy (MA) (all others), both the GSTT1 and GSTM1 null, genotypes held significantly higher risk for developing more severe gastric atrophy (GSTT1 null, SA vs. others: OR=1.95, 95% CI=1.07-352, p=0.028, GSTM1 null, NA vs. others: OR=2.57, 95% CI=1.16-5.67, p=0.019, SA vs. others: OR=1.90, 95% CI=1.06-3.42, p=0.032). A significant association was also found between GSTM1 null genotype and increased risk of ulcer diseases (all ulcers: OR=2.42, 95% CI=1.37-4.26, p=0.002, gastric ulcer: OR=2.18, 95% CI=1.11-4.29, p=0.025, duodenal ulcer: OR=2.62, 95% CI=1.15-6.00, p=0.023). Conclusion: Both the GSTT1 and GSTM1 null genotypes are associated with gastric pre-malignant conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1459-1465
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer research
Volume31
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Tahara, T., Shibata, T., Nakamura, M., Yamashita, H., Yoshioka, D., Okubo, M., Yonemura, J., Kamiya, Y., Ishizuka, T., Nakagawa, Y., Nagasaka, M., Iwata, M., Hirata, I., & Arisawa, T. (2011). Association between genetic polymorphisms related to DNA repair or xenobiotic pathways and gastric premalignant conditions. Anticancer research, 31(4), 1459-1465.