Background and Aim: We prospectively compared the sensitivity to interferon (IFN) and the efficacy of antiviral combination therapy with peginterferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b infection according to the amino acid sequences of the HCV core, E1, and NS5A regions reported to be associated with the outcome of antiviral therapy. Methods: A total of 107 patients with HCV genotype 1b were investigated. All patients received combination therapy with PEG-IFN alpha-2b and ribavirin. Amino acids 70 and 91 (core), 139 (E1), and 2209-2248 (NS5A) of HCV were analyzed by direct nucleotide sequencing. Results: The reduction in HCV RNA concentration at 24 h after a single administration of conventional IFN-alpha and after the start of combination therapy was significantly less marked, and rates of complete early virologic response, end-of-treatment response, and sustained virologic response (SVR) were significantly lower (all P < 0.0001) in patients with glutamine at amino acid 70 (n = 29) than in those with arginine at that position (n = 70). We found no differences associated with the other amino acid positions. Amino acid 70 was an independent factor for the responses to the therapy in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The identity of amino acid 70 of the HCV core region affected the sensitivity to IFN; patients with glutamine at amino acid 70 of HCV showed resistance to IFN. Consequently, it strongly affected the outcome of combination therapy with PEG-IFN and ribavirin in Japanese patients with HCV genotype 1b.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - 06-2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes