CpG island hyper-methylation (CIHM) is one of the major events in the gastric carcinogenesis. IL-17A, -17F and MIF have a crucial role in the gastric inflammation and carcinogenesis. Recently, we showed that the genetic polymorphisms of MIF-794-CATT repeat are associated with CIHM status in the non-neoplastic gastric mucosa. Consequently, the CIHM status in the gastric cancer tissue, in relation to IL-17A (-197G>A), -17F (7488T>C), and MIF (-173G>C and -794 tetranucleotide repeats) polymorphisms was investigated. Gastric cancer tissues were obtained from 102 patients. CIHM of p14, p16, DAP-kinase and CDH1 genes were determined by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP). CIHM high was defined as three or all CpG islands methylated. We employed the PCR-SSCP (multiplex PCR for IL-17A and -17F) method to detect the gene polymorphisms. We did not find significant association between CIHM status and IL-17F (7488T>C) and MIF (-173G>C) polymorphisms. However, concerning the IL-17A (-197G>A) polymorphism, we found that IL-17A G carrier (GG+GA) held a significantly higher risk of CIHM of p16 (OR=11.22, 95% CI=1.38-91.17, p=0.024) and CIHM high (OR=3.51, 95% CI=1.15-10.68, p=0.027). An association was also found between the 7-CATT repeat carrier (5/7 + 6/7 + 7/7) of the MIF polymorphism (-794-CATT) and reduced risk of CIHM of CDH1 (OR=0.36, 95% CI=0.14-0.92, p=0.032). No association was found between CHIM status and homozygote genotypes of each repeat (-794-CATT 5/5, 6/6, and 7/7). The present results provided evidence that the genetic polymorphisms of IL-17A, and MIF-794-CATT repeat are associated with CIHM status in the gastric cancer. Genetic polymorphisms of IL-17A, and MIF-794-CATT repeat may be involved in methylation-related carcinogenesis in the stomach.
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