Association between low doses of ionizing radiation, administered acutely or chronically, and time to onset of stroke in a rat model

Norio Takahashi, Munechika Misumi, Hideko Murakami, Yasuharu Niwa, Waka Ohishi, Toshiya Inaba, Akiko Nagamachi, Gen Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure to high-doses of ionizing radiation has been reported to be associated with the risk of stroke. However, risks associated with lower dose exposures remain unclear, and there is little information available for the risk modification according to the dose-rate. There are few studies using animalmodels which might be able to provide complementary information on this association. In this study, the male stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP) was used as amodel animal. The ratswere acutely irradiated with doses between 0 and 1.0Gy or chronically irradiated with a cumulative dose of 0.5 or 1.0Gy (at a dose rate of 0.05 or 0.1Gy/day, respectively). The onset time of stroke related symptoms in SHRSP was used as an endpoint for evaluating the effects of low dose and the low dose-rate gamma-ray exposures. With respect to acute exposure, the time to the onset of stroke in the irradiated rats suggested the presence of a threshold around 0.1Gy. For the lowdose-rate chronically exposed, no significant increase in stroke symptom was observed. These findings are novel and demonstrate that the SHRSP systemcan be used to determine the association between the risk of stroke and radiation exposure with high sensitivity. Moreover, these studies provide important information regarding the association between the low dose and low dose-rate radiation exposure and circulatory diseases, especially stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-673
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Radiation Research
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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