Association between plaque characteristics and the amount of debris captured by a filter-type distal protection device in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Katsuhide Kitagawa, Tetsuya Amano, Tadayuki Uetani, Hideki Ishii, Takahiro Okumura, Susumu Suzuki, Hiroaki Takashima, Akiyoshi Kurita, Hirohiko Ando, Tatsuaki Matsubara, Toyoaki Murohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims Disruption of atherosclerotic plaque and distal embolism often cause peri-procedural myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In the present study, we evaluate the association between the characteristics of the target lesion and the amount of debris captured by the filter-type distal protection device. Methods We enrolled 120 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome, who underwent coronary stent implantation with a filter-type distal protection device after integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS) analysis. The amount of debris captured by the protection filter was measured through microscopic evaluation. Results The lipid and fibrous volume evaluated with IB-IVUS was significantly correlated with the amount of the captured debris (r = 0.657, p < 0.01), (r = 0.322, p < 0.01). The lipid plaque fraction showed a positive correlation (r = 0.335, p < 0.01), while the fibrous plaque fraction was found to be inversely correlated (r = −0.375, p < 0.01) with the amount of captured debris. Multivariate regression analysis showed that lipid volume correlated independently with the amount of captured debris. Conclusion The volume of the lipid-rich plaque was associated with the amount of procedure-related debris released and captured by the filter-type distal protection device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-78
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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