Association between trunk muscle strength and fall risk in older men and women with lumbar spondylosis

Tadashi Ito, Yoshihito Sakai, Hideshi Sugiura, Keitaro Kawai, Yoshifumi Morita, Kazunori Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Various factors significantly affect the risk of falls among older adults with lumbar spondylosis. However, the relationship between falls and trunk muscle strength in older men is poorly explored. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between back muscle strength and fall risk in older men and women with lumbar spondylosis. Based on self-reported fall scores, 39 outpatients were classified into two groups. Back and abdominal muscle strength, among other data, were compared between the two groups. Spearman’s rank correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between fall scores and selected variables. Back (r = -0.491, p = 0.002) and abdominal muscle strength (r = -0.415, p = 0.009) were related to the fall score. Furthermore, back and abdominal muscle strength were related to the fall score in women with a high risk of falls, whereas back muscle strength, erector spinae, and lumbar multifidus cross-sectional areas, and visual analog scale were related to the fall score in men with a high risk of falling. Back muscle strength and fall scores may be useful to assess the risk of falls in older patients with lumbar spondylosis. However, evaluating this relationship may require separate sex-specific analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number521
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Health Information Management
  • Leadership and Management

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