Association of circulating histone H3 and high mobility group box 1 levels with postoperative prognostic indicators in intensive care unit patients: a single-center observational study

Ken Sawada, Yasuyo Shimomura, Daisuke Hasegawa, Tatsuhiko Harada, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Naohide Kuriyama, Yoshitaka Hara, Hidefumi Komura, Osamu Nishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) levels are associated with sepsis severity and prognosis. Histone and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) levels are also potential indicators of prognosis. We investigated the relationship between serum histone H3 and HMGB1 levels and the illness severity score and prognosis in postoperative patients. Methods: Postoperative serum histone H3 and HMGB1 levels in 39 intensive care unit (ICU) patients treated at our institution were measured. The correlation between peak histone H3 and HMGB1 levels in each patient and clinical data (age, sex, surgical time, length of ICU stay, and survival after ICU discharge), which also included the patients’ illness severity score, was examined. Results: Histone H3 but not HMGB1 levels were positively correlated with surgical time, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine acute phase disseminated intravascular coagulation diagnosis score, and the length of ICU stay. Both histone H3 and HMGB1 levels were negatively correlated with age. However, survival post-ICU discharge was not correlated with histone H3 or HMGB1 levels. Conclusions: Histone H3 levels are correlated with severity scores and the length of ICU stay. Serum histone H3 and HMGB1 levels are elevated postoperatively. These DAMPs, however, are not prognostic indicators in postoperative ICU patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalFujita medical journal
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions

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