Association of fentanyl use in rapid sequence intubation with post-intubation hypotension

Japanese Emergency Medicine Network Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The anesthesia literature has reported that pre-intubation fentanyl use is associated with post-intubation hypotension which is a risk factor of poor post-emergency department (ED) prognosis. However, little is known about the relations between fentanyl use for intubation and post-intubation hypotension in the ED. We aimed to determine whether pretreatment with fentanyl was associated with a higher risk of post-intubation hypotension in the ED. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of data of ED airway management collected from a multicenter prospective study of 14 Japanese EDs from February 2012 through November 2016. We included all adult non-cardiac-arrest patients who underwent rapid sequence intubation for medical indication. Patients were divided into fentanyl and non-fentanyl groups. The primary outcome was post-intubation hypotension (systolic blood pressure ≤90 mm Hg) in the ED. Results: Of 1263 eligible patients, 466 (37%) patients underwent pretreatment with fentanyl. The fentanyl group had a higher risk of post-intubation hypotension (17% vs. 6%; unadjusted OR, 1.73; 95%CI, 1.01–2.97; P = 0.048) compared to the non-fentanyl group. In the multivariable analysis adjusting for age, sex, weight, principal indication, sedatives, intubator's specialty, number of intubation attempts, and patient clustering within EDs, the fentanyl group had a higher risk of post-intubation hypotension (adjusted OR, 1.87; 95%CI, 1.05–3.34; P = 0.03) compared to the non-fentanyl group. In the sensitivity analysis using propensity score matching, this association remained significant (OR, 3.17; 95%CI, 1.96–5.14; P < 0.01). Conclusion: In this prospective multicenter study of ED airway management, pretreatment with fentanyl in rapid sequence intubation was associated with higher risks of post-intubation hypotension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2044-2049
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine

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