Association of prostate stem cell antigen gene polymorphisms with the risk of stomach cancer in Japanese

Keitaro Matsuo, Kazuo Tajima, Takeshi Suzuki, Takakazu Kawase, Miki Watanabe, Kohei Shitara, Kazunari Misawa, Seiji Ito, Akira Sawaki, Kei Muro, Tsuneya Nakamura, Kenji Yamao, Yoshitaka Yamamura, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Akio Hiraki, Hideo Tanaka

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60 Citations (Scopus)


A recent whole-genome association study identified a strong association between polymorphisms in the prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) gene and stomach cancer risk. In this case-control study, we aimed to validate this association, and further to explore environmental factors possibly interacting with PSCA polymorphisms in 708 incident stomach cancer cases and 708 age-sex matched controls. The association between PSCA polymorphisms and Helicobacter pylori infection was also examined. We found that rs2294008 and rs2976392, which were strongly linked to each other (D′ = 1.00), were significantly associated with stomach cancer risk. Per allele odds ratio for rs2994008 was 1.40 (95% confidence interval: 1.19-1.65; p = 3.7 × 10-5). We found significant interaction with a family history of stomach cancer in first-degree relatives (p-heterogeneity = 0.009). Similar to originally reported association, we found significant heterogeneity between diffuse and intestinal type (p-heterogeneity = 0.007). No association was seen between PSCA polymorphisms and H. pylori infection. In conclusion, PSCA polymorphisms are associated with stomach cancer risk in Japanese. A possible interaction with family history warrants further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1964
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15-10-2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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