Associations of dietary intake and plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid with prenatal depressive symptoms in Japan

Mie Shiraishi, Masayo Matsuzaki, Yuko Yatsuki, Ryoko Murayama, Elisabeth Severinsson, Megumi Haruna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association between depression and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid, continues to gain focus. In this study, we examined whether dietary intakes and plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid were associated with depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Healthy Japanese women with singleton pregnancies were recruited at a university hospital in Tokyo between 2010 and 2012. The depressive-symptom group included participants with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores greater than eight. Of the 329 participants, 19 (5.8%) had depressive symptoms. Lower plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentration was significantly associated with prenatal depressive symptoms. Women with depressive symptoms had a higher rate of pregnancy-associated nausea than those with non-depressive symptoms (52.6% vs 28.7%, respectively). Although we adjusted for the presence of pregnancy-associated nausea, dietary fatty acid intake was not associated with depressive symptoms in the multiple logistic regression analyses. Further large studies would be required to examine any preventive effect of dietary fatty acid intake on depressive symptoms among pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

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