ATP Release Triggered by Activation of the Ca2+-Activated K + Channel in Human Airway Calu-3 Cells

Yasushi Ito, Masami Son, Shinji Sato, Takayuki Ishikawa, Masashi Kondo, Shinsuke Nakayama, Kaoru Shimokata, Hiroaki Kume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Airway mucociliary clearance is subject to the autocrine/paracrine regulation of extracellular nucleotides released from the airway epithelial cells. The present study was performed in pursuit of effective modulators of ATP release under physiologic conditions in polarized human airway epithelial cells (Calu-3). Neither isoproterenol, forskolin, nor ionomycin augmented extracellular ATP release detected by luciferase assay. However, direct activation of the human intermediate conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channel (hlK-1) by 1-ethyl-2-benzimdazolinone (1-EBIO, 1 mM) and chlorzoxazone (CZ, 1 mM) increased ATP release predominantly in the apical compartment. Measurement of fluo-3 signals revealed that 1-EBIO- and CZ-stimulated cytosollc Ca2+ mobilization was suppressed by the presence of MRS-2179, a specific P2Y1 receptor antagonist. The hlK-1-mediated ATP release was inhibited by a hlK-1 blocker (charybdotoxin), and an Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransport blocker (bumetanide) without interruption by GdCl3, an inhibitor of stretch-activated nonselective cation (SA) channels, or glybenclamide, a blocker of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). These results suggest that a cell volume decrease via the hlK-1-mediated KCI loss and the resultant induction of a regulatory volume increase via the Na +-K+-2Cl- transporter may trigger release of ATP, which causes P2Y1-mediated Ca2+ mobilization, through mechanisms unrelated to the CFTR and SA channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-395
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 03-2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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