Background: Localized scleroderma (LSc) is characterized by cutaneous fibrosis and various autoantibodies. Objective: To determine the presence or levels of antibodies (Abs) against matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and their clinical relevance in LSc. Methods: Anti-MMP-1 Ab was examined by ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) and immunoblotting using human recombinant MMP-1. MMP-1 collagenase activity was determined using biotinylated collagen as substrate and the amount of cleaved biotinylated fragments of collagen by MMP-1 was measured by ELISA. Results: LSc patients exhibited significantly elevated IgG anti-MMP-1 Ab levels relative to normal controls at similar level of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, IgG anti-MMP-1 Ab levels were comparable among the 3 LSc subgroups: morphea, linear scleroderma, and generalized morphea. When absorbance values higher than the mean + 2S.D. of normal controls were considered positive, IgG or IgM anti-MMP-1 Ab was found in 46% and 49% of total LSc patients and SSc patients, respectively. Anti-MMP-1 Ab was detected most frequently in morphea patients (60%), followed by linear scleroderma patients (47%) and then generalized morphea patients (25%). LSc patients positive for IgG anti-MMP-1 Ab had elevated levels of IgG anti-single-stranded DNA Ab, IgG anti-nucleosome Ab, and shorter disease duration relative to those negative. The presence of anti-MMP-1 Ab in LSc patients was confirmed by immunoblotting. IgG isolated from LSc patients' sera positive for IgG anti-MMP-1 Ab by ELISA inhibited MMP-1 collagenase activity. Conclusion: These results suggest that anti-MMP-1 autoantibody is a novel autoantibody in LSc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology