Automated Classification of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in Pathological Images Using Convolutional Neural Network and Generative Adversarial Networks

Atsushi Teramoto, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Ayano Michiba, Yuka Kiriyama, Eiko Sakurai, Kazuyoshi Imaizumi, Kuniaki Saito, Hiroshi Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interstitial pneumonia of uncertain cause is referred to as idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). Among the various types of IIPs, the prognosis of cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is extremely poor, and accurate differentiation between IPF and non-IPF pneumonia is critical. In this study, we consider deep learning (DL) methods owing to their excellent image classification capabilities. Although DL models require large quantities of training data, collecting a large number of pathological specimens is difficult for rare diseases. In this study, we propose an end-to-end scheme to automatically classify IIPs using a convolutional neural network (CNN) model. To compensate for the lack of data on rare diseases, we introduce a two-step training method to generate pathological images of IIPs using a generative adversarial network (GAN). Tissue specimens from 24 patients with IIPs were scanned using a whole slide scanner, and the resulting images were divided into patch images with a size of 224 × 224 pixels. A progressive growth GAN (PGGAN) model was trained using 23,142 IPF images and 7817 non-IPF images to generate 10,000 images for each of the two categories. The images generated by the PGGAN were used along with real images to train the CNN model. An evaluation of the images generated by the PGGAN showed that cells and their locations were well-expressed. We also obtained the best classification performance with a detection sensitivity of 97.2% and a specificity of 69.4% for IPF using DenseNet. The classification performance was also improved by using PGGAN-generated images. These results indicate that the proposed method may be considered effective for the diagnosis of IPF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3195
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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