Automated Extraction of Cerebral Infarction Region in Head MR Image Using Pseudo Cerebral Infarction Image by CycleGAN

Mizuki Yoshida, Atsushi Teramoto, Kohei Kudo, Shoji Matsumoto, Kuniaki Saito, Hiroshi Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Since recognizing the location and extent of infarction is essential for diagnosis and treatment, many methods using deep learning have been reported. Generally, deep learning requires a large amount of training data. To overcome this problem, we generated pseudo patient images using CycleGAN, which performed image transformation without paired images. Then, we aimed to improve the extraction accuracy by using the generated images for the extraction of cerebral infarction regions. First, we used CycleGAN for data augmentation. Pseudo-cerebral infarction images were generated from healthy images using CycleGAN. Finally, U-Net was used to segment the cerebral infarction region using CycleGAN-generated images. Regarding the extraction accuracy, the Dice index was 0.553 for U-Net with CycleGAN, which was an improvement over U-Net without CycleGAN. Furthermore, the number of false positives per case was 3.75 for U-Net without CycleGAN and 1.23 for U-Net with CycleGAN, respectively. The number of false positives was reduced by approximately 67% by introducing the CycleGAN-generated images to training cases. These results indicate that utilizing CycleGAN-generated images was effective and facilitated the accurate extraction of the infarcted regions while maintaining the detection rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number489
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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