Automatic Screening of the Eyes in a Deep-Learning–Based Ensemble Model Using Actual Eye Checkup Optical Coherence Tomography Images

Masakazu Hirota, Shinji Ueno, Taiga Inooka, Yasuki Ito, Hideo Takeyama, Yuji Inoue, Emiko Watanabe, Atsushi Mizota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Eye checkups have become increasingly important to maintain good vision and quality of life. As the population requiring eye checkups increases, so does the clinical work burden of clinicians. An automatic screening algorithm to reduce the clinicians’ workload is necessary. Machine learning (ML) has recently become one of the chief techniques for automated image recognition and is a helpful tool for identifying ocular diseases. However, the accuracy of ML models is lower in a clinical setting than in the laboratory. The performance of ML models depends on the training dataset. Eye checkups often prioritize speed and minimize image processing. Data distribution differs from the training dataset and, consequently, decreases prediction performance. The study aim was to investigate an ML model to screen for retinal diseases from low-quality optical coherence tomography (OCT) images captured during actual eye chechups to prevent a dataset shift. The ensemble model with convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and random forest models showed high screening performance in the single-shot OCT images captured during the actual eye checkups. Our study indicates the strong potential of the ensemble model combining the CNN and random forest models in accurately predicting abnormalities during eye checkups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6872
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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