Autonomic regulation after exercise evidenced by spectral analysis of heart rate variability in asthmatic children

H. Fujii, O. Fukutomi, R. Inoue, S. Shinoda, H. Okammoto, T. Teramoto, N. Kondo, H. Wada, K. Saito, T. Matsuoka, M. Seishima

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Bronchial asthma is associated with abnormal autonomic nervous function in childhood. Exercise is one of the most common precipitating factors of acute asthmatic crises although the exact mechanism of autonomic regulation in asthmatic children after exercise is unclear. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the features of autonomic regulation after exercise in asthmatic and control children. Methods: Pulmonary function tests and heart rate variability spectral analysis were performed in 15 asthmatic children and 7 control children (age 6 to 15 years) during and after an exercise challenge. Results: The maximum % fall of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was significantly greater (P <. 01) in asthmatic subjects (9.1 ± 5.1%) than in normal control subjects (1.0 ± 2.5%). The high frequency band (HF) amplitude, an index of cardiac vagal tone, 5 minutes after exercise was significantly higher (P <. 05) in the asthmatic subjects (14.4 ± 7.9 msec) than in control subjects (5.9 ± 2.6 msec). Furthermore, the difference in the HF amplitude between the control group and the exercise-induced asthma group was significant both 5 minutes (P <. 01) and 10 minutes (P <. 05) after challenge. There was a significant correlation (P =. 565, P =. 0165) between HF amplitude 5 minutes after exercise and the magnitude of the decrease in FEV1. On the other hand, no significant difference was observed in the low frequency band amplitude between the controls and the asthmatic subjects. The ratio of low frequency to high frequency power, which is suggested to correlate with cardiac sympathetic activity, did not differ between the two groups. Conclusion: These findings suggest that autonomic nervous activities, particularly vagal response after exercise, in asthmatic children is different from that in control children. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2000;85:233-237.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-237
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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