Bacterial smear test of drainage fluid after pancreaticoduodenectomy can predict postoperative pancreatic fistula

Masaki Morimoto, Soichiro Honjo, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Takuki Yagyu, Ei Uchinaka, Masataka Amisaki, Joji Watanabe, Manabu Yamamoto, Yoji Fukumoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Keigo Ashida, Hiroaki Saito, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: It is widely accepted that postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) accompanied by bacterial infection results in a worse outcome than POPF alone. However, few studies evaluating predictive indicators of POPF have focused on bacterial infection. Methods: A consecutive 100 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at our institute for periampullary disease were enrolled. POPF was assessed according to the International Study Group of Pancreatic Fistula consensus guidelines; grades B and C were defined as clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF). The patients’ characteristics, perioperative surgical factors, and laboratory data including the results of culture and smear testing performed using drainage fluid on postoperative days (PODs) 1 and 3 were analyzed. Results: The overall incidence of CR-POPF was 25%. Univariate analyses revealed that the factors associated with CR-POPF were male sex, soft pancreas, MPD diameter, higher serum C-reactive protein concentration and white blood cell count on POD 3, higher amylase concentration in drainage fluid, and culture and/or smear positivity of drainage fluid. Multivariate analysis newly revealed that the smear positivity of drainage fluid on POD 3 was the independent risk factors for CR-POPF (p = 0.027). Conclusions: Smear positivity of drainage fluid on POD 3 after pancreaticoduodenectomy may be a new predictor of CR-POPF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 03-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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