Background: The invasive interaction between cells and their matrix has important roles in tumor cell invasion. This study investigated modulation of basement membrane (BM) proteins, especially collagen IV (Coll IV), laminin, and fibronectin (FN), in invasion of human pancreatic cancer cells. Furthermore, we examined the roles of β1-integrins and arginine-glycine-aspartic (RGD)-containing oligopeptide in cell-matrix interactions. Materials and methods: Expression of integrins were examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and flow-cytometric analysis in three human pancreatic cancer cell lines (BxPC-3, PANC-1, and SW1990), respectively. To determine the effect of BM proteins, invasion assays were performed. Western blot analysis for extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was performed to investigate the involvement of ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Results: BM proteins significantly enhanced the invasive behavior of pancreatic cancer cells. Pretreatment with anti-β1-integrin antibody suppressed invasion into Matrigel, but RGD-containing peptide inhibited invasion, which was enhanced by Coll IV and FN, not laminin. Treatment with both RGD-containing peptide and β1-integrin antibody inhibited ERK1/2 phosphorylation activated by Coll IV and FN. Conclusions: BM proteins have positive actions on the processes of pancreatic cancer cell invasion and cross-talk between BM proteins and β1-integrins widely participates in the multistep processes of pancreatic cancer invasion and metastasis formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes