Beauty parlor stroke syndrome due to a bone fragment from an osteophyte of the atlas: Case report

Takuya Kameda, Koji Otani, Takamitsu Tamura, Shinichi Konno

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Beauty parlor stroke syndrome (BPSS) is a rare condition characterized by mechanical impingement of a vertebral artery (VA) during neck rotation and/or hyperextension followed by vertebrobasilar insufficiency. However, there have been no reports of BPSS in which the cause of mechanical impingement was identified and no cases for which surgical treatment was reported. The authors report the case of a 56-year-old Japanese man who presented with presyncope that occurred during cervical extension. Given the possibility of vertebrobasilar insufficiency, digital subtraction angiography and CT angiography were performed. These studies revealed that the right VA was hypoplastic and the left VA was dominant. Moreover, in the position of cervical extension, the dominant left VA showed constriction caused by a bone fragment of an osteophyte of the atlas. Removal of the bone fragment was performed. Postoperative left vertebral angiography showed improvement of blood flow in the extended position, and the presyncope completely disappeared. The pathomechanism of this case was a bone fragment compressing the left VA in the C-1 groove during neck extension. In BPSS patients with recurrent transient symptoms, the possibility of this mechanism of VA constriction by a free bone fragment should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 04-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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