Increased intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) in renal tubular epithelia accelerates the progression of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Thus, decreasing cAMP levels by an adenylyl cyclase inhibitory G protein activator is considered to be an effective approach in ameliorating PKD. In fact, pasireotide (PAS) was effective in reducing disease progression in animal models of PKD. However, hyperglycemia caused by the administration of PAS is an adverse effect in its clinical use. Whereas, co-administration of octreotide (OCT) with PAS did not increase serum glucose in normal rats. In the current study, we examined the efficacy of combined treatment with OCT and PAS in PCK rats, an autosomal recessive PKD model. Four-week-old PCK males were treated with the long-acting release type of OCT, PAS, or a combination of both (OCT/PAS) for 12 weeks. After termination, serum and renal tissue were used for analyses. Kidney weight, kidney weight per body weight, renal cyst area, renal Ki67 expression, and serum urea nitrogen were significantly decreased either in the PAS or OCT/PAS group, compared with vehicle. Renal tissue cAMP content was significantly decreased by PAS or OCT/PAS treatment, but not OCT, compared with vehicle. As a marker of cellular mTOR signaling activity, renal phospho-S6 kinase expression was significantly decreased by OCT/PAS treatment compared with vehicle, OCT, or PAS. Serum glucose was significantly increased by PAS administration, whereas no difference was shown between vehicle and OCT/PAS, possibly because serum glucagon was decreased either by the treatment of OCT alone or co-application of OCT/PAS. In conclusion, since serum glucose levels are increased by the use of PAS, its combination with OCT may reduce the risk of hyperglycemia associated with PAS monotherapy against PKD progression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)