Biliary Complications During and After Donor Hepatectomy in Living Donor Liver Transplantation Focusing on Characteristics of Biliary Leakage and Treatment for Intraoperative Bile Duct Injury

A. Tanemura, S. Mizuno, A. Hayasaki, T. Fujii, Y. Iizawa, H. Kato, Y. Murata, N. Kuriyama, Y. Azumi, M. Kishiwada, M. Usui, H. Sakurai, S. Isaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Biliary complication is one of the major donor complications during and after hepatectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We evaluated risk factors for donor biliary complication in adult-to-adult LDLT. Patients and Methods: From March 2002 to November 2016, 126 consecutive patients who underwent donor hepatectomy in adult-to-adult LDLT were divided into 2 groups according to biliary compilations: nonbiliary complication (non-BC) group (n = 114) and biliary complication (BC) group (n = 12). Results: Among 126 donor hepatectomies, 35 patients (28%) experienced perioperative complications, including 10 (7.9%) with Clavien-Dindo classification grade III. Biliary complications occurred in 12 patients (9.5%): bile leakage in 10 and intraoperative bile duct injury in 2. Additional computed tomography- and/or ultrasound-guided drainage or exchange of original drain was required in 7 patients. In comparison between BC and non-BC groups, future remnant liver volume was significantly higher in the BC group than in the non-BC group (63% vs 40%; P =.02). In multivariate analysis, larger future remnant liver volume (P =.005) and shorter operating time (P =.02) were identified as independent risk factors for biliary complications. We had 2 patients with intraoperative bile duct injury: both were successfully treated by duct-to-duct biliary anastomosis with insertion of biliary stent or T-tube. Conclusion: Large remnant liver volume was a significant risk factor for biliary complications, especially biliary leakage, after donor hepatectomy. For intraoperative bile duct injury, duct-to-duct anastomosis with biliary stent is a feasible method to recover.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2705-2710
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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