OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify the serial changes in left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) during dynamic exercise in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: Although HCM is characterized by impaired resting LV diastolic function, serial changes in LVEDP during exercise have not been characterized. METHODS: We simultaneously measured LV pressure and LV dimensions during symptom-limited supine bicycle exercise in 5 healthy individuals and 20 patients with HCM. Exercise thallium-201 scintigraphic studies were also performed. RESULTS: The LVEDP (baseline: 12 ± 5 mm Hg) progressively increased to a maximum value at peak exercise (28 ± 8 mm Hg) in 11 patients with HCM (group I). In the remaining nine patients with HCM (group II), changes in LVEDP during exercise were biphasic, with an initial progressive increase and a subsequent gradual decline up to peak exercise (14 ± 4 mm Hg at baseline, 27 ± 5 mm Hg at the critical heart rate, 16 ± 3 mm Hg at peak exercise). Exercise-induced changes in LV dimensions and LV peak systolic pressures were similar in both groups. However, the maximum first derivative of LV pressure was greater and the LV pressure half-time was shorter in group II than in group I at a similar peak exercise heart rate. The biphasic changes in LVEDP disappeared by pretreatment with propranolol. The LV hypertrophy scores were higher in group I than in group II. Exercise thallium-201 images showed more severe perfusion defects in group I than in group II patients. CONCLUSIONS: The biphasic changes in LVEDP seen during exercise may be related to improved coronary microcirculation in response to beta-adrenergic stimulation in patients with mild to moderate HCM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine