Blood pressure reduction cut-points for orthostatic hypotension in stroke survivors using a sit-up test: A multicentre cross-sectional study

Kazuaki Oyake, Takaki Tateishi, Jun Murayama, Naoki Shijima, Tasuku Sekizuka, Yohei Otaka, Kimito Momose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:The sit-up test is used to assess orthostatic hypotension in stroke survivors who cannot stand independently without using a tilt table. However, no study has identified the optimal cut-points for orthostatic hypotension using the test. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the decrease in SBP and DBP during the sit-up test to detect orthostatic hypotension in individuals with stroke.Methods:Thirty-eight individuals with stroke, recruited from three convalescent rehabilitation hospitals, underwent the sit-up and head-up tilt tests. Systolic and diastolic orthostatic hypotension was defined as a decrease of at least 20 and 10 mmHg in the SBP and DBP, respectively, during the head-up tilt test. The receiver operator characteristic curve with the Youden Index was used to identify the optimal cut-points.Results:Eight and three participants showed systolic and diastolic orthostatic hypotension, respectively. The optimal cut-points for orthostatic hypotension using the sit-up test were a decrease of 10 mmHg in SBP [sensitivity=87.5% (95% confidence interval: 47.4-99.7), specificity=96.7% (82.8-99.9)] and 5 mmHg in DBP [sensitivity=100.0% (29.2-100.0), specificity=88.6% (73.3-96.8)].Conclusion:Compared with the conventional cut-points, smaller cut-points of a decrease in SBP and DBP may be better to identify orthostatic hypotension in individuals with stroke using the sit-up test. The findings of this study may provide valuable information for the clinical application of the sit-up test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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