Brexpiprazole as Adjunctive Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder Following Treatment Failure With at Least One Antidepressant in the Current Episode: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Taro Kishi, Kenji Sakuma, Ikuo Nomura, Yuki Matsuda, Kazuo Mishima, Nakao Iwata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis included double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of brexpiprazole adjunctive treatment (0.5-3 mg/d) for major depressive disorder where antidepressant treatment had failed. METHODS: The outcomes were the response rate (primary), remission rate (secondary), Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale score (secondary), Sheehan Disability Scale scores (secondary), Clinical Global Impression-Improvement/Severity scores, discontinuation rate, and individual adverse events. A subgroup meta-analysis of the data at week 6 compared outcomes by dose >2 mg/d or ≤2 mg/d (2 mg/d is the recommended dose). RESULTS: We identified 9 studies (n = 3391). Compared with placebo, brexpiprazole (any dose) was superior for response rate (risk ratio [RR] = 0.93, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.89-0.97, number needed to treat = 17), remission rate (RR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.93-0.98, number needed to treat = 25), Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale score (standardized mean difference = -0.20, 95% CI = -0.29, -0.11), Sheehan Disability Scale score (standardized mean difference = -0.12, 95% CI = -0.21, -0.04), and Clinical Global Impression-Improvement/Severity scores but was associated with a higher discontinuation rate, akathisia, insomnia, restlessness, somnolence, and weight increase. Doses >2 mg/d had a significantly higher RR for response rate than ≤2 mg/d (0.96 vs 0.89); moreover, compared with placebo, doses >2 mg/d were associated with higher incidences of akathisia (RR = 4.58) and somnolence (RR = 7.56) as well as were marginally associated with a higher incidence of weight increase (RR = 3.14, P = .06). Compared with placebo, doses ≤2 mg/d were associated with higher incidences of akathisia (RR = 2.28) and weight increase (RR = 4.50). CONCLUSIONS: Brexpiprazole adjunctive treatment is effective for major depressive disorder when antidepressant treatment fails. At 6 weeks, doses ≤2 mg/d presented a better risk/benefit balance than >2 mg/d.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-709
Number of pages12
JournalThe international journal of neuropsychopharmacology
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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