Buserelin acetate microparticle dispersion effects drug release and plasma E1 levels

Makiko Usami, Kazumasa Misawa, Naomi Yagi, Hitoshi Sekikawa, Toshitaka Nabeshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the effect of different dispersion methods on release behavior and efficacy onset following microparticle administration of buserelin acetate (BA) sustained-release injection. In this in vitro release study, the initial dispersion of BA increased with increased stirring speed (p < 0.01). Stability of BA was studied over 7 days after BA release. The initial BA release rate was higher (p < 0.01) after a 1-min vibration dispersion method (VDM) using a test tube mixer (2000 rpm) compared with the standard dispersion method (SDM) by hand. Without shaking, powder aggregation was observed, and BA release was lower than in either the SDM or VDM methods. In this study using 4-week-old Sprague-Dawley female rats, the initial plasma estrone (E1) concentrations were lower (p < 0.05) in the VDM method than in the SDM method. Observations by optical microscope and scanning microscope showed no change in microparticle shape or distribution of size induced by SDM, VDM or the ultrasonication dispersion method. These results suggest that different dispersion methods do not change the shape and distribution of microparticle size, but clearly change the BA release rate and the transition in plasma E1 concentrations that can affect drug efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 18-07-2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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