Cardiac involvement in Fukuyama muscular dystrophy is less severe than in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Tetsushi Yamamoto, Mariko Taniguchi-Ikeda, Hiroyuki Awano, Masaaki Matsumoto, Tomoko Lee, Risa Harada, Takamitsu Imanishi, Nobuhide Hayashi, Yoshitada Sakai, Ichiro Morioka, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Kazumoto Iijima, Jun Saegusa, Tatsushi Toda

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background One of the main complications in patients with muscular dystrophies is cardiac dysfunction. The literature on cardiac involvement in patients with Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is limited. Aim To compare cardiac involvement between patients with FCMD and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Methods We compared cardiac involvement between 30 patients with FCMD and 181 patients with DMD using echocardiography and serum biomarkers. All patients were receiving regular checkups at Kobe University Hospital. We used single regression analysis to compare echocardiographic parameters, age, and serum biomarkers. Results Almost all clinical and echocardiographic parameters were lower in patients with FCMD than DMD. The brain natriuretic peptide concentration in patients with FCMD showed no correlation with age or left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.231, p = 0.22 and r = 0.058, p = 0.76, respectively). A log-rank test revealed that the risk of left ventricular systolic dysfunction was lower in patients with FCMD than DMD (p = 0.046, hazard ratio = 0.348). Conclusion The clinical progression of cardiac dysfunction is significantly milder in patients with FCMD than DMD, while skeletal muscle involvement is significantly worse in patients with FCMD. These data suggest that the pathophysiological findings of FCMD can be explained by less severe cardiac dysfunction in FCMD than DMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-868
Number of pages8
JournalBrain and Development
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Yamamoto, T., Taniguchi-Ikeda, M., Awano, H., Matsumoto, M., Lee, T., Harada, R., Imanishi, T., Hayashi, N., Sakai, Y., Morioka, I., Takeshima, Y., Iijima, K., Saegusa, J., & Toda, T. (2017). Cardiac involvement in Fukuyama muscular dystrophy is less severe than in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Brain and Development, 39(10), 861-868. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2017.05.008