ErbB2, which is a member of the epidermal growth factor (erbB) receptor family, is frequently overexpressed in breast and ovarian cancers. Antibody and small molecule anti-tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been developed for targeted therapies for cancers overexpressing erbB2. Internalization and downregulation of erbB2, which is induced by a ligand, may be important for efficacious therapeutic effects. However, ligand-dependent erbB2 internalization has not been well characterized. Here we investigated the internalization of erbB2 in SKBr3 and SKOv3 cells, both overexpressing erbB2, using an EC-1 peptide fused to eGFP (EC-eGFP), which specifically binds to erbB2. ErbB2 was internalized in SKOv3 cells when the cells were treated with EC-eGFP. The accumulation of endosomal erbB2 was EC-eGFP dependent, which colocalized with transferrin implying endocytosis via clathrin-coated pits. In contrast, internalization of erbB2 was not observed in SKBr3 cells. As a result, two different mechanisms, which are cell type dependent for the internalization of erbB2, are proposed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology