Plasmalogen localized in the raft of mammalian cell membranes plays a role in the storage of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), and exists to a higher extent in malignant cells that survive, and even grow in hypoxic conditions. The biosynthesis of plasmalogen in mammalian cells has been reported to depend on aerobic conditions. Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we found that the intracellular concentration of plasmalogen species containing a PUFA at the sn-2-position did not change for two days from the start of hypoxic culture in human colorectal cancer-derived Caco2 cells. At the third day of hypoxia, Caco2 cells showed the average increase rate of 2.6 times in ethanolamine plasmalogen and 2.9 times in choline plasmalogen depending on the molecular species compared with those in the second day of hypoxia. In normoxic culture, there was little quantitative change in any species of both ethanolamine and choline plasmalogens for three days. The up-regulations of mRNA of Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2β and cytoplasmic phospholipase A2γ as well as the down-regulation of lysoplasmalogenase observed in hypoxia were suggested to be responsible for the increase of plasmalogen in Caco2 cells under hypoxia.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 30-06-2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology