Aims: The 'metaplastic' polyp of the colorectum, a synonym for the hyperplastic polyp, was named based only on features of the crypt epithelium. It is considered non-neoplastic, but the precise cellular differentiation status remains to be proven. Methods and results: Forty-eight hyperplastic polyps, 12 serrated adenomas, 45 tubular adenomas and five juvenile polyps were studied for their phenotypic expression using gastric (foveolar or pyloric gland cell), small intestinal (goblet cell), and colonic (goblet cell) cellular markers by immunohistochemical and mucin histochemical techniques. Gastric foveolar cell-type differentiation was significantly expressed in hyperplastic polyps, while colonic differentiation was also consistently preserved. Neither gastric pyloric-type nor small intestinal differentiation was observed. The same cell differentiation status as hyperplastic polyps was observed in serrated adenomas but not in tubular adenomas or juvenile polyps. Conclusions: A large proportion of hyperplastic polyps are composed of hybrid epithelium, with bidirectional differentiation to both gastric foveolar and colonic epithelial cells in the same crypt. Therefore hyperplastic polyps might be interpreted as the outcome of abnormal cell differentiation of stem cells. The same phenotypic expression suggests that hyperplastic polyps and serrated adenomas share the same cell lineage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine