Retinal horizontal cells form a broad receptive field, which contributes to generating antagonistic surround responses in retinal bipolar cells. Here, I report that certain horizontal cells themselves have center-surround antagonistic receptive fields. The receptive fields of yellow/red, blue-type horizontal cells (Y/RB HCs) in the carp retina were measured by the response to the slit of light stimulus using the conventional intracellular electrode. A center stimulus of monochromatic light of 500 nm hyperpolarized Y/RB HCs, whereas the peripheral light depolarized the cells, suggesting that these cells exhibit an antagonistic receptive field at 500 nm light. The length constant of Y/RB HC's depolarizing responses to 600 nm light was 1.22 ± 0.08 mm, which was larger than that (0.61 ± 0.06 mm) of hyperpolarizing responses to 500 nm light. Thus, depolarizing responses of Y/RB HCs exhibit a larger receptive field than hyperpolarizing responses. The length constant of hyperpolarizing responses of luminosity-type HCs (LHCs) was 1.19 ± 0.07 mm, which was similar to that of 500 nm depolarizing responses of Y/RB HCs (1.34 ± 0.11 mm). Depolarizing response of Y/RB HCs was decreased by bath application of GABA and picrotoxin, a GABA receptor antagonist, suggesting that GABAergic signaling may modulate center-surround antagonistic mechanisms in Y/RB HCs. Bipolar cells display center-surround antagonistic receptive fields that play important roles to improve visual contrast. Wide receptive fields of HCs contribute to generating surround responses in bipolar cells. Therefore, the response polarity of Y/RB HCs may affect the width of the surround receptive field in bipolar cells.
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