A few decades ago, liver transplantation in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was considered a relative contraindication because of the high rate of graft infections and poor prognosis. Since then, remarkable progress was introduced by using nucleos(t)ide analogues and/or hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) and liver transplantation for HBV-related disease is now becoming one of the good indication. However, high cost burden is the main problem for this combination prophylaxis for a long time use, and this issue should be emerged to be resolved. In this review, we show the progress of post anti-HBV strategies showing the history from introduction of HBIg and nucleos(t)ide analogues to recent new strategies with hepatitis B vaccine or saving or stopping protocols of HBIg, and clarify and discuss how to do for further improvement of prevention strategies with better quality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes