Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities.

Pei Ouyang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Hideaki Toyoshima, Rei Otsuka, Keiko Wada, Kunihiro Matsushita, Miyuki Ishikawa, Enei Ri, Y. Hotta, Hirotsugu Mitsuhashi, Takashi Muramatsu, Norikatsu Kasuga, Koji Tamakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 6-month, twice weekly, well-rounded exercise program (47 sessions in total) comprised of a combination of aerobic, resistance and flexibility training was provided for institutionalized older adults aged 60 to 93. We analyzed the data of 18 older adults who could stand and had attended more than 10% of the classes (mean participation rate: 54%) to examine changes in activities of daily living (ADL), physical fitness tests and depressive moods. The mean (+/- standard deviation, range) age of the participants was 71.3 (+/- 15.6, 60-93) in men and 85.9 (+/- 5.8, 72-93) in women. Significant improvement in ADL of the hand manipulation domain and borderline significant improvement in ADL of the mobility domain were observed (McNemar test p = 0.011 and 0.072, respectively). A 6-minute walk distance increased significantly from 151.6 m to 236.6 m (p = 0.01, paired t-test), and the result of the Soda Pop test, which tests hand-eye coordination, also improved significantly from 35.2 sec to 25.3 sec (p = 0.01, paired t-test). These findings suggest that such a program could be effective in improving the ADL and physical fitness of the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalNagoya journal of medical science
Volume71
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2009

Fingerprint

Physical Fitness
Activities of Daily Living
Nursing Homes
Nursing
Exercise
Depression
Hand
Carbonated Beverages
Resistance Training

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ouyang, Pei ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Toyoshima, Hideaki ; Otsuka, Rei ; Wada, Keiko ; Matsushita, Kunihiro ; Ishikawa, Miyuki ; Ri, Enei ; Hotta, Y. ; Mitsuhashi, Hirotsugu ; Muramatsu, Takashi ; Kasuga, Norikatsu ; Tamakoshi, Koji. / Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities. In: Nagoya journal of medical science. 2009 ; Vol. 71, No. 3-4. pp. 115-126.
@article{713840d7f7e8461f8e06ed7e9e06b42d,
title = "Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities.",
abstract = "A 6-month, twice weekly, well-rounded exercise program (47 sessions in total) comprised of a combination of aerobic, resistance and flexibility training was provided for institutionalized older adults aged 60 to 93. We analyzed the data of 18 older adults who could stand and had attended more than 10{\%} of the classes (mean participation rate: 54{\%}) to examine changes in activities of daily living (ADL), physical fitness tests and depressive moods. The mean (+/- standard deviation, range) age of the participants was 71.3 (+/- 15.6, 60-93) in men and 85.9 (+/- 5.8, 72-93) in women. Significant improvement in ADL of the hand manipulation domain and borderline significant improvement in ADL of the mobility domain were observed (McNemar test p = 0.011 and 0.072, respectively). A 6-minute walk distance increased significantly from 151.6 m to 236.6 m (p = 0.01, paired t-test), and the result of the Soda Pop test, which tests hand-eye coordination, also improved significantly from 35.2 sec to 25.3 sec (p = 0.01, paired t-test). These findings suggest that such a program could be effective in improving the ADL and physical fitness of the elderly.",
author = "Pei Ouyang and Hiroshi Yatsuya and Hideaki Toyoshima and Rei Otsuka and Keiko Wada and Kunihiro Matsushita and Miyuki Ishikawa and Enei Ri and Y. Hotta and Hirotsugu Mitsuhashi and Takashi Muramatsu and Norikatsu Kasuga and Koji Tamakoshi",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "115--126",
journal = "Nagoya Journal of Medical Science",
issn = "0027-7622",
publisher = "Nagoya University, School of Medicine",
number = "3-4",

}

Ouyang, P, Yatsuya, H, Toyoshima, H, Otsuka, R, Wada, K, Matsushita, K, Ishikawa, M, Ri, E, Hotta, Y, Mitsuhashi, H, Muramatsu, T, Kasuga, N & Tamakoshi, K 2009, 'Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities.', Nagoya journal of medical science, vol. 71, no. 3-4, pp. 115-126.

Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities. / Ouyang, Pei; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Toyoshima, Hideaki; Otsuka, Rei; Wada, Keiko; Matsushita, Kunihiro; Ishikawa, Miyuki; Ri, Enei; Hotta, Y.; Mitsuhashi, Hirotsugu; Muramatsu, Takashi; Kasuga, Norikatsu; Tamakoshi, Koji.

In: Nagoya journal of medical science, Vol. 71, No. 3-4, 01.01.2009, p. 115-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in activities of daily living, physical fitness, and depressive symptoms after six-month periodic well-rounded exercise programs for older adults living in nursing homes or special nursing facilities.

AU - Ouyang, Pei

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Toyoshima, Hideaki

AU - Otsuka, Rei

AU - Wada, Keiko

AU - Matsushita, Kunihiro

AU - Ishikawa, Miyuki

AU - Ri, Enei

AU - Hotta, Y.

AU - Mitsuhashi, Hirotsugu

AU - Muramatsu, Takashi

AU - Kasuga, Norikatsu

AU - Tamakoshi, Koji

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - A 6-month, twice weekly, well-rounded exercise program (47 sessions in total) comprised of a combination of aerobic, resistance and flexibility training was provided for institutionalized older adults aged 60 to 93. We analyzed the data of 18 older adults who could stand and had attended more than 10% of the classes (mean participation rate: 54%) to examine changes in activities of daily living (ADL), physical fitness tests and depressive moods. The mean (+/- standard deviation, range) age of the participants was 71.3 (+/- 15.6, 60-93) in men and 85.9 (+/- 5.8, 72-93) in women. Significant improvement in ADL of the hand manipulation domain and borderline significant improvement in ADL of the mobility domain were observed (McNemar test p = 0.011 and 0.072, respectively). A 6-minute walk distance increased significantly from 151.6 m to 236.6 m (p = 0.01, paired t-test), and the result of the Soda Pop test, which tests hand-eye coordination, also improved significantly from 35.2 sec to 25.3 sec (p = 0.01, paired t-test). These findings suggest that such a program could be effective in improving the ADL and physical fitness of the elderly.

AB - A 6-month, twice weekly, well-rounded exercise program (47 sessions in total) comprised of a combination of aerobic, resistance and flexibility training was provided for institutionalized older adults aged 60 to 93. We analyzed the data of 18 older adults who could stand and had attended more than 10% of the classes (mean participation rate: 54%) to examine changes in activities of daily living (ADL), physical fitness tests and depressive moods. The mean (+/- standard deviation, range) age of the participants was 71.3 (+/- 15.6, 60-93) in men and 85.9 (+/- 5.8, 72-93) in women. Significant improvement in ADL of the hand manipulation domain and borderline significant improvement in ADL of the mobility domain were observed (McNemar test p = 0.011 and 0.072, respectively). A 6-minute walk distance increased significantly from 151.6 m to 236.6 m (p = 0.01, paired t-test), and the result of the Soda Pop test, which tests hand-eye coordination, also improved significantly from 35.2 sec to 25.3 sec (p = 0.01, paired t-test). These findings suggest that such a program could be effective in improving the ADL and physical fitness of the elderly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73949147534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73949147534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 19994724

AN - SCOPUS:73949147534

VL - 71

SP - 115

EP - 126

JO - Nagoya Journal of Medical Science

JF - Nagoya Journal of Medical Science

SN - 0027-7622

IS - 3-4

ER -