Changes in concentrations of dopamine, serotonin, and their metabolites induced by carbon monoxide (CO) in the rat striatum as determined by in vivo microdialysis

M. Hiramatsu, S. Yokoyama, Toshitaka Nabeshima, T. Kameyama

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Striatal microdialysis was performed in rats exposed to carbon monoxide (CO). Extracellular changes of dopamine, serotonin, and their metabolites were monitored before and after CO exposure at 15-min intervals by HPLC analysis. After CO exposure, extracellular dopamine increased (3.8 times that of baseline), whereas 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) decreased (by 20-25% of baseline). The decrease in HVA at individual time points, however, was not significant. After a transient increment of the dopamine, it was cleared from the extracellular fluid within 45 min and reached a stable level. Serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) showed a pattern different to that of dopamine and its acid metabolites, i.e., the changes in extracellular levels were small. Pretreatment with dizocilpine (MK-801), a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, 45 min before CO exposure antagonized the changes in the extracellular concentration of DOPAC. However, the change in dopamine levels was not antagonized by pretreatment with MK-801. MK-801 itself had no effect on the levels of monoamines. Therefore, NMDA receptors may not have an important role for regulating striatal dopamine neurons in hypoxic condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1994
Externally publishedYes

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Microdialysis
Carbon Monoxide
Metabolites
Dizocilpine Maleate
Rats
Dopamine
Serotonin
Corpus Striatum
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
Homovanillic Acid
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Dopaminergic Neurons
Extracellular Fluid
Neurons
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Acids
Fluids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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abstract = "Striatal microdialysis was performed in rats exposed to carbon monoxide (CO). Extracellular changes of dopamine, serotonin, and their metabolites were monitored before and after CO exposure at 15-min intervals by HPLC analysis. After CO exposure, extracellular dopamine increased (3.8 times that of baseline), whereas 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) decreased (by 20-25{\%} of baseline). The decrease in HVA at individual time points, however, was not significant. After a transient increment of the dopamine, it was cleared from the extracellular fluid within 45 min and reached a stable level. Serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) showed a pattern different to that of dopamine and its acid metabolites, i.e., the changes in extracellular levels were small. Pretreatment with dizocilpine (MK-801), a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, 45 min before CO exposure antagonized the changes in the extracellular concentration of DOPAC. However, the change in dopamine levels was not antagonized by pretreatment with MK-801. MK-801 itself had no effect on the levels of monoamines. Therefore, NMDA receptors may not have an important role for regulating striatal dopamine neurons in hypoxic condition.",
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T1 - Changes in concentrations of dopamine, serotonin, and their metabolites induced by carbon monoxide (CO) in the rat striatum as determined by in vivo microdialysis

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AU - Nabeshima, Toshitaka

AU - Kameyama, T.

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AB - Striatal microdialysis was performed in rats exposed to carbon monoxide (CO). Extracellular changes of dopamine, serotonin, and their metabolites were monitored before and after CO exposure at 15-min intervals by HPLC analysis. After CO exposure, extracellular dopamine increased (3.8 times that of baseline), whereas 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) decreased (by 20-25% of baseline). The decrease in HVA at individual time points, however, was not significant. After a transient increment of the dopamine, it was cleared from the extracellular fluid within 45 min and reached a stable level. Serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) showed a pattern different to that of dopamine and its acid metabolites, i.e., the changes in extracellular levels were small. Pretreatment with dizocilpine (MK-801), a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, 45 min before CO exposure antagonized the changes in the extracellular concentration of DOPAC. However, the change in dopamine levels was not antagonized by pretreatment with MK-801. MK-801 itself had no effect on the levels of monoamines. Therefore, NMDA receptors may not have an important role for regulating striatal dopamine neurons in hypoxic condition.

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