Changes in passively-sensitized basophil activation to αS1-casein after oral immunotherapy

Teruaki Matsui, Michihiro Naito, Kazunori Tagami, Iwao Tajima, Miyuki Teshigawara, Atsushi Makino, Katsumasa Kitamura, Yoshihiro Takasato, Shiro Sugiura, Chikako Yamada, Hidehiko Izumi, Ikuya Tsuge, Yasuto Kondo, Komei Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Immune response to cow's milk allergen (CMA) has been analyzed mostly using crude milk antigen or a mixture of various caseins. This study aimed to assess the changes in the immunological response against αS1-casein during oral immunotherapy (OIT) and to investigate the mechanism of tolerance. Methods: We have performed rush OIT to 39 patients with CMA and obtained the serum samples up to 3 years after OIT. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG4 antibodies specific to highly purified αS1-casein as well as passively-sensitized basophil activation were evaluated using the serial samples. Furthermore, we examined whether basophil activation led by the pre-OIT serum was suppressed by the post-OIT serum, or by the tolerant serum obtained from naturally outgrown patients. Results: Specific IgE to αS1-casein was significantly reduced after OIT. Specific IgG4 (sIgG4) to αS1-casein was also detected in most of the pre-OIT sera, which was not significantly increased after OIT. Activation of passively-sensitized basophils to αS1-casein was significantly reduced after 2 years (14% ± 19%) and 3 years (19% ± 18%) post-OIT compared with pre-OIT (%CD63high basophils; 51% ± 27%). Furthermore, the addition of post-OIT or tolerant serum to pre-OIT serum significantly suppressed the basophil activation. This suppression was abrogated by washing the supernatant after passive sensitization, but not by depleting IgG antibodies from post-OIT or tolerant sera, nor by blocking FcγRIIb using an anti-FcγR antibody. Conclusions: αS1-casein-sIgG4 plays a minor role in tolerance mechanisms in cases of CMA; humoral factors other than antigen-sIgG4 may be involved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-197
Number of pages10
JournalImmunity, Inflammation and Disease
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Matsui, T., Naito, M., Tagami, K., Tajima, I., Teshigawara, M., Makino, A., Kitamura, K., Takasato, Y., Sugiura, S., Yamada, C., Izumi, H., Tsuge, I., Kondo, Y., & Ito, K. (2020). Changes in passively-sensitized basophil activation to αS1-casein after oral immunotherapy. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease, 8(2), 188-197. https://doi.org/10.1002/iid3.294