Changes in quality of life in deceased versus living-donor kidney transplantations

A. Suzuki, Takashi Kenmochi, M. Maruyama, N. Akutsu, C. Iwashita, K. Otsuki, Taihei Ito, I. Matsumoto, T. Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In Japan, >80% of kidney transplantations (KTs) are performed from living donors because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Moreover, >90% of deceased donors are nonheart-beating donors. In this study, we compared the quality of life (QOL) of the recipients between living- and deceased-donor KT performed in our hospital. Methods: QOLs of 91 recipients (11 deceased donors and 80 living donors) were analyzed using the Short Form 36 before and 1, 2, and 3 years after KT. Changes in QOLs were compared between deceased-donor KT (group DD) and living-donor KT (group LD). Results: In group DD, physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores before transplantation were 43.7 and 48.7, respectively. PCS decreased to 35.3 at 1 year and 34.2 at 2 years, but increased to 52.6 at 3 years. MCS as 43.2 at 1 year, 52.2 at 2 years, and 44.5 at 3 years. In group LD, PCS and MCS before transplantation were 36.9 and 42.6, respectively. PCS increased to 43.3 at 1 year, 47.6 at 2 years, and 51.0 at 3 years, and MCS increased to 47.8 at 1 year, 50.1 at 2 years, and 49.6 at 3 years. Conclusions: The recipients of living-donor KT showed an improvement of QOL immediately after transplantation. However, in the recipients of deceased-donor KT, physical QOL (PCS) decreased for 2 years after transplantation. The reasons seem to be long waiting period and the use of nonheart-beating donors in deceased-donor KT in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-289
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2012

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Living Donors
Kidney Transplantation
Quality of Life
Tissue Donors
Transplantation
Japan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Suzuki, A. ; Kenmochi, Takashi ; Maruyama, M. ; Akutsu, N. ; Iwashita, C. ; Otsuki, K. ; Ito, Taihei ; Matsumoto, I. ; Asano, T. / Changes in quality of life in deceased versus living-donor kidney transplantations. In: Transplantation Proceedings. 2012 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 287-289.
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abstract = "Objective: In Japan, >80{\%} of kidney transplantations (KTs) are performed from living donors because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Moreover, >90{\%} of deceased donors are nonheart-beating donors. In this study, we compared the quality of life (QOL) of the recipients between living- and deceased-donor KT performed in our hospital. Methods: QOLs of 91 recipients (11 deceased donors and 80 living donors) were analyzed using the Short Form 36 before and 1, 2, and 3 years after KT. Changes in QOLs were compared between deceased-donor KT (group DD) and living-donor KT (group LD). Results: In group DD, physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores before transplantation were 43.7 and 48.7, respectively. PCS decreased to 35.3 at 1 year and 34.2 at 2 years, but increased to 52.6 at 3 years. MCS as 43.2 at 1 year, 52.2 at 2 years, and 44.5 at 3 years. In group LD, PCS and MCS before transplantation were 36.9 and 42.6, respectively. PCS increased to 43.3 at 1 year, 47.6 at 2 years, and 51.0 at 3 years, and MCS increased to 47.8 at 1 year, 50.1 at 2 years, and 49.6 at 3 years. Conclusions: The recipients of living-donor KT showed an improvement of QOL immediately after transplantation. However, in the recipients of deceased-donor KT, physical QOL (PCS) decreased for 2 years after transplantation. The reasons seem to be long waiting period and the use of nonheart-beating donors in deceased-donor KT in Japan.",
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Suzuki, A, Kenmochi, T, Maruyama, M, Akutsu, N, Iwashita, C, Otsuki, K, Ito, T, Matsumoto, I & Asano, T 2012, 'Changes in quality of life in deceased versus living-donor kidney transplantations', Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 287-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.11.056

Changes in quality of life in deceased versus living-donor kidney transplantations. / Suzuki, A.; Kenmochi, Takashi; Maruyama, M.; Akutsu, N.; Iwashita, C.; Otsuki, K.; Ito, Taihei; Matsumoto, I.; Asano, T.

In: Transplantation Proceedings, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 287-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Changes in quality of life in deceased versus living-donor kidney transplantations

AU - Suzuki, A.

AU - Kenmochi, Takashi

AU - Maruyama, M.

AU - Akutsu, N.

AU - Iwashita, C.

AU - Otsuki, K.

AU - Ito, Taihei

AU - Matsumoto, I.

AU - Asano, T.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Objective: In Japan, >80% of kidney transplantations (KTs) are performed from living donors because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Moreover, >90% of deceased donors are nonheart-beating donors. In this study, we compared the quality of life (QOL) of the recipients between living- and deceased-donor KT performed in our hospital. Methods: QOLs of 91 recipients (11 deceased donors and 80 living donors) were analyzed using the Short Form 36 before and 1, 2, and 3 years after KT. Changes in QOLs were compared between deceased-donor KT (group DD) and living-donor KT (group LD). Results: In group DD, physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores before transplantation were 43.7 and 48.7, respectively. PCS decreased to 35.3 at 1 year and 34.2 at 2 years, but increased to 52.6 at 3 years. MCS as 43.2 at 1 year, 52.2 at 2 years, and 44.5 at 3 years. In group LD, PCS and MCS before transplantation were 36.9 and 42.6, respectively. PCS increased to 43.3 at 1 year, 47.6 at 2 years, and 51.0 at 3 years, and MCS increased to 47.8 at 1 year, 50.1 at 2 years, and 49.6 at 3 years. Conclusions: The recipients of living-donor KT showed an improvement of QOL immediately after transplantation. However, in the recipients of deceased-donor KT, physical QOL (PCS) decreased for 2 years after transplantation. The reasons seem to be long waiting period and the use of nonheart-beating donors in deceased-donor KT in Japan.

AB - Objective: In Japan, >80% of kidney transplantations (KTs) are performed from living donors because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Moreover, >90% of deceased donors are nonheart-beating donors. In this study, we compared the quality of life (QOL) of the recipients between living- and deceased-donor KT performed in our hospital. Methods: QOLs of 91 recipients (11 deceased donors and 80 living donors) were analyzed using the Short Form 36 before and 1, 2, and 3 years after KT. Changes in QOLs were compared between deceased-donor KT (group DD) and living-donor KT (group LD). Results: In group DD, physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores before transplantation were 43.7 and 48.7, respectively. PCS decreased to 35.3 at 1 year and 34.2 at 2 years, but increased to 52.6 at 3 years. MCS as 43.2 at 1 year, 52.2 at 2 years, and 44.5 at 3 years. In group LD, PCS and MCS before transplantation were 36.9 and 42.6, respectively. PCS increased to 43.3 at 1 year, 47.6 at 2 years, and 51.0 at 3 years, and MCS increased to 47.8 at 1 year, 50.1 at 2 years, and 49.6 at 3 years. Conclusions: The recipients of living-donor KT showed an improvement of QOL immediately after transplantation. However, in the recipients of deceased-donor KT, physical QOL (PCS) decreased for 2 years after transplantation. The reasons seem to be long waiting period and the use of nonheart-beating donors in deceased-donor KT in Japan.

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