Changes in sagittal alignment after surgical excision of thoracic spinal cord tumors in adults

Yoshiomi Kobayashi, Soya Kawabata, Yuichiro Nishiyama, Osahiko Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Kota Watanabe, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Narihito Nagoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Study design: Retrospective chart audit. Objectives: This study investigated changes in sagittal alignment in adults after excision of thoracic spinal cord tumors without spinal fixation. Setting: Single-center study at an academic orthopedic department in Japan. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records for 32 adults who underwent excision of thoracic spinal cord tumors by multilevel laminectomies without fixation. The participants were divided according to whether the tumor was in the upper (T1–4), middle (T5–8), or lower (T9–12) thoracic spine. We analyzed parameters such as age, sex, time in surgery and estimated blood loss, follow-up period, and preoperative and follow-up the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores and radiographs. Results: Postoperative T1-12 kyphotic changes did not correlate with age, the number of resected laminae, or preoperative T1-12 kyphosis. JOA recovery rates were similar regardless of the tumor location. Participants with tumors in the upper thoracic spine had significant postoperative increases in T1–4 kyphosis, T1 slope (p <.05, respectively). In contrast, there were no significant changes in alignment in participants with tumors in the middle or lower thoracic spine. Conclusion: Even without fixation, sagittal alignment did not change after surgery to excise tumors in the middle and lower thoracic spine, indicating that fixation may not be necessary when excising spinal cord tumors in this region. In contrast, postoperative kyphosis may increase when the tumor is in the upper thoracic spine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalSpinal Cord
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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