Changes in Short-Term Outcomes After Discharge in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Multicenter, Prospective, Observational Study

Masahiro Hosogai, Fusao Ikawa, Toshikazu Hidaka, Shingo Matsuda, Iori Ozono, Joji Inamasu, Hitoshi Kobata, Yuichi Murayama, Akira Sato, Yoko Kato, Hirotoshi Sano, Shuhei Yamaguchi, Nobutaka Horie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to clarify the prevalence of and factors associated with changes in patients' outcomes between discharge and 3 months after the onset of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Additionally, the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) and modified WFNS (mWFNS) scales were compared. Methods: The data of curatively treated patients with aSAH, collected prospectively in the mWFNS scale study between January 2010 and December 2012, were analyzed retrospectively. The improvement or decline in the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores between discharge and 3 months after onset was determined. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors, such as age and WFNS and mWFNS grades, associated with changes in the outcome. Results: The mRS scores improved in 28.3% and declined in 2.5% of the patients. WFNS and mWFNS grades Ⅱ–V on admission were significantly associated with improved mRS scores at 3 months after onset. Older age (age: 65–74 years vs. age <65 years, odds ratio: 6.59, 95% confidence interval: 1.28–34.01; age ≥75 years vs. age <65 years, odds ratio: 17.67, 95% confidence interval: 2.11–148.26) and WFNS grade III were significantly associated with a decline in mRS scores at 3 months after onset. Conclusions: The optimal timing for postdischarge assessment of outcomes may be at 3 months after onset, especially in older patients with aSAH. The mWFNS scale is presumed to more accurately assess the outcomes of patients with aSAH than the WFNS scale, as demonstrated in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1214-e1225
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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