AIM: To evaluate the changes of shear-wave velocity (Vs) by acoustic radiation force impulse after treatment in chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with chronic hepatitis C were consecutively treated with combinations of interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV). Vs value (m/s) was measured with acoustic radiation force impulse before treatment, at end of treatment (EOT), 1 year after EOT, and 2 years after EOT. RESULTS: In patients with a sustained virological response (SVR) (n = 41), Vs significantly decreased at EOT [1.19 (1.07-1.37), P = 0.0004], 1 year after EOT [1.10 (1.00-1.22), P = 0.0001], and 2 years after EOT [1.05 (0.95-1.16), P < 0.0001] compared with baseline [1.27 (1.11-1.49)]. In patients with a relapse (n = 26), Vs did not significantly decrease at EOT [1.23 (1.12-1.55)], 1 year after EOT [1.20 (1.12-1.80)], and 2 years after EOT [1.41 (1.08-2.01)] compared with baseline [1.39 (1.15-1.57)]. In patients with a nonvirological response (n = 20), Vs did not significantly decrease at EOT [1.64 (1.43-2.06)], 1 year after EOT [1.66 (1.30-1.95)], and 2 years after EOT [1.61 (1.36-2.37)] compared with baseline [1.80 (1.54-2.01)]. Among genotype 1 patients, baseline Vs was significantly lower in SVR patients [1.28 (1.04-1.40)] than in non-SVR patients [1.56 (1.20-1.83)] (P = 0.0142). CONCLUSION: Reduction of Vs values was shown in SVR patients after IFN-plus-RBV therapy by acoustic radiation force impulse.
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