The biological actions of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from Sinorhizobium meliloti, Mesorhizobium loti and Escherichia coli were compared. In biological activities including lethality, production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and nitric oxide (NO), adjuvant action and Limulus activity, LPS from S. meliloti exhibited stronger actions than LPS from M. loti, but had a weaker action than LPS from E. coli. On the other hand, M. loti LPS showed a higher activity to activate human complement than S. meliloti LPS. Further, there was a significant difference in polymyxin B binding between S. meliloti LPS and M. loti LPS, suggesting a difference in the lipid A structure. LPSs from S. meliloti and M. loti seem to exhibit characteristic biological actions that may be dependent on the difference in the lipid A structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology
- Infectious Diseases