Characteristics of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVAL) mixtures

K. Yamashita, W. Taki, H. Iwata, I. Nakahara, S. Nishi, A. Sadato, K. Matsumoto, H. Kikuchi

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50 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To determine physical characteristics of mixtures of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVAL) and metrizamide dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide, liquid materials developed for embolization of arteriovenous malformations. METHODS: EVAL and dimethyl sulfoxide were mixed in various proportions and sterilized. The viscosity and density of each mixture was measured. Precipitation times were determined by dropping the mixtures into saline or human blood. The mixtures were filtered and the filtrates weighed. RESULTS: Densities and viscosities of the various mixtures differed significantly, proportionally to the concentration of EVAL. Precipitation times also differed significantly, in inverse proportion to the concentration of EVAL. Temperature and aqueous solution did not affect precipitation times significantly. The weight of the filtrate significantly increased with time but was constant for each precipitation time. Temperature significantly affected filtrate weight; aqueous solution did not. CONCLUSIONS: Because of their different physical properties, the various EVAL mixtures are suited to embolizing different types of arteriovenous malformations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1105
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology


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