Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment

Takashi Okajima, Keisuke Tamura, Yasushi Ogasaka, Kazutoshi Haga, Seiji Takahashi, Satoshi Ichimaru, Hideo Kito, Shinichi Fukuda, Arifumi Goto, Kentaro Nomoto, Hiroyuki Satake, Seima Kato, Yuichi Kamata, Akihiro Furuzawa, Fumie Akimoto, Tsutomu Yoshioka, Kazumasa Kondo, Yoshito Haba, Takeshi Tanaka, Keiichi WadaNoriyuki Hamada, Murat Hudaverdi, Yuzuru Tawara, Koujun Yamashita, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Yang Soong, Kai Wing Chan, Scott M. Owens, Fred B. Berendse, Jack Tueller, Kazutami Misaki, Ryo Shibata, Hideyuki Mori, Kei Itoh, Hideyo Kunieda, Yoshiharu Namba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A hard-x-ray telescope is successfully produced for balloon observations by making use of depth-graded multilayers, or so-called supermirrors, with platinum–carbon (Pt/C) layer pairs. It consists of four quadrant units assembled in an optical configuration with a diameter of 40 cm and a focal length of 8 m. Each quadrant is made of 510 pieces of coaxially and confocally aligned supermirrors that significantly enhance the sensitivity in an energy range of 20–40 keV. The configuration of the telescope is similar to the x-ray telescope onboard Astro-E, but with a longer focal length. The reflectivity of supermirrors is of the order of 40% in the energy range concerned at a grazing angle of 0.2 deg. The effective area of a fully assembled telescope is 50 cm2at 30 keV. The angular resolution is 2.37 arc min at half-power diameter 8.0 keV. The field of view is 12.6 arc min in the hard-x-ray region, depending somewhat on x-ray energies. We discuss these characteristics, taking into account the figure errors of reflectors and their optical alignment in the telescope assembly. This hard-x-ray telescope is unanimously afforded in the International Focusing Optics Collaboration for μCrab Sensitivity balloon experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5417-5426
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Optics
Volume41
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2002

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x ray telescopes
Balloons
balloons
Telescopes
quadrants
telescopes
X rays
arcs
crabs
Experiments
sensitivity
grazing
configurations
angular resolution
reflectors
field of view
energy
x rays
assembly
alignment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Okajima, T., Tamura, K., Ogasaka, Y., Haga, K., Takahashi, S., Ichimaru, S., ... Namba, Y. (2002). Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment. Applied Optics, 41(25), 5417-5426. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.005417
Okajima, Takashi ; Tamura, Keisuke ; Ogasaka, Yasushi ; Haga, Kazutoshi ; Takahashi, Seiji ; Ichimaru, Satoshi ; Kito, Hideo ; Fukuda, Shinichi ; Goto, Arifumi ; Nomoto, Kentaro ; Satake, Hiroyuki ; Kato, Seima ; Kamata, Yuichi ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Akimoto, Fumie ; Yoshioka, Tsutomu ; Kondo, Kazumasa ; Haba, Yoshito ; Tanaka, Takeshi ; Wada, Keiichi ; Hamada, Noriyuki ; Hudaverdi, Murat ; Tawara, Yuzuru ; Yamashita, Koujun ; Serlemitsos, Peter J. ; Soong, Yang ; Chan, Kai Wing ; Owens, Scott M. ; Berendse, Fred B. ; Tueller, Jack ; Misaki, Kazutami ; Shibata, Ryo ; Mori, Hideyuki ; Itoh, Kei ; Kunieda, Hideyo ; Namba, Yoshiharu. / Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment. In: Applied Optics. 2002 ; Vol. 41, No. 25. pp. 5417-5426.
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Okajima, T, Tamura, K, Ogasaka, Y, Haga, K, Takahashi, S, Ichimaru, S, Kito, H, Fukuda, S, Goto, A, Nomoto, K, Satake, H, Kato, S, Kamata, Y, Furuzawa, A, Akimoto, F, Yoshioka, T, Kondo, K, Haba, Y, Tanaka, T, Wada, K, Hamada, N, Hudaverdi, M, Tawara, Y, Yamashita, K, Serlemitsos, PJ, Soong, Y, Chan, KW, Owens, SM, Berendse, FB, Tueller, J, Misaki, K, Shibata, R, Mori, H, Itoh, K, Kunieda, H & Namba, Y 2002, 'Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment', Applied Optics, vol. 41, no. 25, pp. 5417-5426. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.005417

Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment. / Okajima, Takashi; Tamura, Keisuke; Ogasaka, Yasushi; Haga, Kazutoshi; Takahashi, Seiji; Ichimaru, Satoshi; Kito, Hideo; Fukuda, Shinichi; Goto, Arifumi; Nomoto, Kentaro; Satake, Hiroyuki; Kato, Seima; Kamata, Yuichi; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Akimoto, Fumie; Yoshioka, Tsutomu; Kondo, Kazumasa; Haba, Yoshito; Tanaka, Takeshi; Wada, Keiichi; Hamada, Noriyuki; Hudaverdi, Murat; Tawara, Yuzuru; Yamashita, Koujun; Serlemitsos, Peter J.; Soong, Yang; Chan, Kai Wing; Owens, Scott M.; Berendse, Fred B.; Tueller, Jack; Misaki, Kazutami; Shibata, Ryo; Mori, Hideyuki; Itoh, Kei; Kunieda, Hideyo; Namba, Yoshiharu.

In: Applied Optics, Vol. 41, No. 25, 01.09.2002, p. 5417-5426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment

AU - Okajima, Takashi

AU - Tamura, Keisuke

AU - Ogasaka, Yasushi

AU - Haga, Kazutoshi

AU - Takahashi, Seiji

AU - Ichimaru, Satoshi

AU - Kito, Hideo

AU - Fukuda, Shinichi

AU - Goto, Arifumi

AU - Nomoto, Kentaro

AU - Satake, Hiroyuki

AU - Kato, Seima

AU - Kamata, Yuichi

AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

AU - Akimoto, Fumie

AU - Yoshioka, Tsutomu

AU - Kondo, Kazumasa

AU - Haba, Yoshito

AU - Tanaka, Takeshi

AU - Wada, Keiichi

AU - Hamada, Noriyuki

AU - Hudaverdi, Murat

AU - Tawara, Yuzuru

AU - Yamashita, Koujun

AU - Serlemitsos, Peter J.

AU - Soong, Yang

AU - Chan, Kai Wing

AU - Owens, Scott M.

AU - Berendse, Fred B.

AU - Tueller, Jack

AU - Misaki, Kazutami

AU - Shibata, Ryo

AU - Mori, Hideyuki

AU - Itoh, Kei

AU - Kunieda, Hideyo

AU - Namba, Yoshiharu

PY - 2002/9/1

Y1 - 2002/9/1

N2 - A hard-x-ray telescope is successfully produced for balloon observations by making use of depth-graded multilayers, or so-called supermirrors, with platinum–carbon (Pt/C) layer pairs. It consists of four quadrant units assembled in an optical configuration with a diameter of 40 cm and a focal length of 8 m. Each quadrant is made of 510 pieces of coaxially and confocally aligned supermirrors that significantly enhance the sensitivity in an energy range of 20–40 keV. The configuration of the telescope is similar to the x-ray telescope onboard Astro-E, but with a longer focal length. The reflectivity of supermirrors is of the order of 40% in the energy range concerned at a grazing angle of 0.2 deg. The effective area of a fully assembled telescope is 50 cm2at 30 keV. The angular resolution is 2.37 arc min at half-power diameter 8.0 keV. The field of view is 12.6 arc min in the hard-x-ray region, depending somewhat on x-ray energies. We discuss these characteristics, taking into account the figure errors of reflectors and their optical alignment in the telescope assembly. This hard-x-ray telescope is unanimously afforded in the International Focusing Optics Collaboration for μCrab Sensitivity balloon experiment.

AB - A hard-x-ray telescope is successfully produced for balloon observations by making use of depth-graded multilayers, or so-called supermirrors, with platinum–carbon (Pt/C) layer pairs. It consists of four quadrant units assembled in an optical configuration with a diameter of 40 cm and a focal length of 8 m. Each quadrant is made of 510 pieces of coaxially and confocally aligned supermirrors that significantly enhance the sensitivity in an energy range of 20–40 keV. The configuration of the telescope is similar to the x-ray telescope onboard Astro-E, but with a longer focal length. The reflectivity of supermirrors is of the order of 40% in the energy range concerned at a grazing angle of 0.2 deg. The effective area of a fully assembled telescope is 50 cm2at 30 keV. The angular resolution is 2.37 arc min at half-power diameter 8.0 keV. The field of view is 12.6 arc min in the hard-x-ray region, depending somewhat on x-ray energies. We discuss these characteristics, taking into account the figure errors of reflectors and their optical alignment in the telescope assembly. This hard-x-ray telescope is unanimously afforded in the International Focusing Optics Collaboration for μCrab Sensitivity balloon experiment.

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Okajima T, Tamura K, Ogasaka Y, Haga K, Takahashi S, Ichimaru S et al. Characterization of the supermirror hard-x-ray telescope for the InFOCμS balloon experiment. Applied Optics. 2002 Sep 1;41(25):5417-5426. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.005417