Characterizing CGI-94 (comparative gene identification-94) which is down-regulated in the hippocampus of early stage Alzheimer's disease brain

Klaus Heese, Takahiro Nakayama, Ryuji Hata, Makoto Masumura, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Feng Li, Yasuo Nagai, Takayuki Yamamoto, Kenji Kosaka, Takahiro Suemoto, Tohru Sawada

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Abstract

The treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains a major challenge because of the incomplete understanding of the triggering events that lead to the selective neurodegeneration characteristic of AD brains. Here we describe a new protein, CGI-94, that is down-regulated at the mRNA level in the hippocampus of early stage AD brain. Transfection experiments with CGI-94 as a green florescent protein (GFP)-fusion-protein show that this protein is translocated into the nucleus of the cell. The finding that this protein, which has a bipartite nuclear localization signal, is also observed in the cytoplasm and extracellular space points to a multifunctional protein. Immunohistochemical analyses reveal that CGI-94 is mainly expressed in neurons of the hippocampal formation and the cortex but not in the cerebellar nucleus. In conclusion, the expression of the nucleolar phosphoprotein CGI-94 appears to be disturbed in early processes of neuronal degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31-12-2002

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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