Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the capability of amide proton transfer-weighted chemical exchange saturation transfer magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for characterization of thoracic lesions. Materials and Methods: The institutional review board approved this study, and written informed consent was obtained from 21 patients (13 men and eight women; mean age, 72 years) prior to enrollment. Each patient underwent chemical exchange saturation transfer MR imaging by using respiratorysynchronized half-Fourier fast spin-echo imaging after a series of magnetization transfer pulses. Next, a magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry at 3.5 ppm map was computationally generated. Pathology examinations resulted in a diagnosis of 13 malignant and eight benign thoracic lesions. The malignant lesions were further diagnosed as being nine lung cancers, comprising six adenocarcinomas, three squamous cell carcinomas, and four other thoracic malignancies. The Student t test was used to evaluate the capability of magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry (at 3.5 ppm), as assessed by means of region of interest measurements, for differentiating benign and malignant lesions, lung cancers and other thoracic lesions, and adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas. Results: Magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry (at 3.5 ppm) was significantly higher for malignant tumors (mean 6 standard deviation, 3.56% ± 3.01) than for benign lesions (0.33% ± 0.38, P =.008). It was also significantly higher for other thoracic malignancies (6.71% ± 3.46) than for lung cancer (2.16% ± 1.41, P =.005) and for adenocarcinoma (2.88% ± 1.13) than for squamous cell carcinoma (0.71% ± 0.17, P =.02). Conclusion: Amide proton transfer-weighted chemical exchange saturation transfer MR imaging allows characterization of thoracic lesions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging