Chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced behavioral changes are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction and serotonergic hypofunction in mouse models of depression

Qiaohui Lu, Akihiro Mouri, Yang Yang, Kazuo Kunisawa, Tomoaki Teshigawara, Mami Hirakawa, Yuko Mori, Yasuko Yamamoto, Zou Libo, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Kuniaki Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Accumulating evidence shows that stressful events evoke molecular alterations in the brain, considered a pathology in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the abnormalities of neurotransmissions as well as intracellular signaling pathways affected by chronic stress in brain have not been fully explored. We investigated the effect of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on the emotional behaviors, dopaminergic and serotoninergic function, and intracellular signaling in the nucleus accumbens, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to CUMS for 4 weeks. CUMS was shown to induce hyperactivity in a novel environment, decrease interaction time in the social interaction test, prolong feeding latency in the novelty suppressed feeding test and enhance immobility in the forced swimming test. The levels of dopamine, its metabolites and turnover, and protein level of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were increased by CUMS in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The level of serotonin and protein levels of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and TH were decreased by CUMS in the hippocampus (HPC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Accompanying the increase in dopaminergic function, phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), protein kinase B (Akt) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) were increased by CUMS in the NAc. Administration of fluoxetine (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor: 20 mg/kg i.p.) and aripiprazole (dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist: 0.1 mg/kg i.p.) during CUMS, prevented behavioral changes and increase of dopamine level in the NAc. These data suggest that CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction in the NAc and serotonergic hypofunction in the HPC and PFC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112053
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume372
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17-10-2019

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Nucleus Accumbens
Depression
Prefrontal Cortex
Hippocampus
Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
Dopamine
Tryptophan Hydroxylase
Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Dopamine D2 Receptors
Fluoxetine
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Major Depressive Disorder
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Brain
Interpersonal Relations
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Psychological Stress
Synaptic Transmission
Serotonin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced behavioral changes are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction and serotonergic hypofunction in mouse models of depression",
abstract = "Accumulating evidence shows that stressful events evoke molecular alterations in the brain, considered a pathology in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the abnormalities of neurotransmissions as well as intracellular signaling pathways affected by chronic stress in brain have not been fully explored. We investigated the effect of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on the emotional behaviors, dopaminergic and serotoninergic function, and intracellular signaling in the nucleus accumbens, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to CUMS for 4 weeks. CUMS was shown to induce hyperactivity in a novel environment, decrease interaction time in the social interaction test, prolong feeding latency in the novelty suppressed feeding test and enhance immobility in the forced swimming test. The levels of dopamine, its metabolites and turnover, and protein level of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were increased by CUMS in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The level of serotonin and protein levels of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and TH were decreased by CUMS in the hippocampus (HPC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Accompanying the increase in dopaminergic function, phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), protein kinase B (Akt) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) were increased by CUMS in the NAc. Administration of fluoxetine (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor: 20 mg/kg i.p.) and aripiprazole (dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist: 0.1 mg/kg i.p.) during CUMS, prevented behavioral changes and increase of dopamine level in the NAc. These data suggest that CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction in the NAc and serotonergic hypofunction in the HPC and PFC.",
author = "Qiaohui Lu and Akihiro Mouri and Yang Yang and Kazuo Kunisawa and Tomoaki Teshigawara and Mami Hirakawa and Yuko Mori and Yasuko Yamamoto and Zou Libo and Toshitaka Nabeshima and Kuniaki Saito",
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AU - Lu, Qiaohui

AU - Mouri, Akihiro

AU - Yang, Yang

AU - Kunisawa, Kazuo

AU - Teshigawara, Tomoaki

AU - Hirakawa, Mami

AU - Mori, Yuko

AU - Yamamoto, Yasuko

AU - Libo, Zou

AU - Nabeshima, Toshitaka

AU - Saito, Kuniaki

PY - 2019/10/17

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N2 - Accumulating evidence shows that stressful events evoke molecular alterations in the brain, considered a pathology in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the abnormalities of neurotransmissions as well as intracellular signaling pathways affected by chronic stress in brain have not been fully explored. We investigated the effect of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on the emotional behaviors, dopaminergic and serotoninergic function, and intracellular signaling in the nucleus accumbens, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to CUMS for 4 weeks. CUMS was shown to induce hyperactivity in a novel environment, decrease interaction time in the social interaction test, prolong feeding latency in the novelty suppressed feeding test and enhance immobility in the forced swimming test. The levels of dopamine, its metabolites and turnover, and protein level of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were increased by CUMS in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The level of serotonin and protein levels of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and TH were decreased by CUMS in the hippocampus (HPC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Accompanying the increase in dopaminergic function, phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), protein kinase B (Akt) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) were increased by CUMS in the NAc. Administration of fluoxetine (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor: 20 mg/kg i.p.) and aripiprazole (dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist: 0.1 mg/kg i.p.) during CUMS, prevented behavioral changes and increase of dopamine level in the NAc. These data suggest that CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction in the NAc and serotonergic hypofunction in the HPC and PFC.

AB - Accumulating evidence shows that stressful events evoke molecular alterations in the brain, considered a pathology in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the abnormalities of neurotransmissions as well as intracellular signaling pathways affected by chronic stress in brain have not been fully explored. We investigated the effect of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on the emotional behaviors, dopaminergic and serotoninergic function, and intracellular signaling in the nucleus accumbens, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to CUMS for 4 weeks. CUMS was shown to induce hyperactivity in a novel environment, decrease interaction time in the social interaction test, prolong feeding latency in the novelty suppressed feeding test and enhance immobility in the forced swimming test. The levels of dopamine, its metabolites and turnover, and protein level of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were increased by CUMS in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The level of serotonin and protein levels of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and TH were decreased by CUMS in the hippocampus (HPC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Accompanying the increase in dopaminergic function, phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), protein kinase B (Akt) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) were increased by CUMS in the NAc. Administration of fluoxetine (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor: 20 mg/kg i.p.) and aripiprazole (dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist: 0.1 mg/kg i.p.) during CUMS, prevented behavioral changes and increase of dopamine level in the NAc. These data suggest that CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors are coupled with dopaminergic hyperfunction in the NAc and serotonergic hypofunction in the HPC and PFC.

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