Cigarette smoke extract activates tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive macrophage

Kimihiro Igari, Matthew J. Kelly, Dai Yamanouchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: It has been reported that smoking is one of the strongest positive risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Although many studies have been directed to decipher the effect of smoking on AAA, its effect on macrophage activation has not yet been explored. Objectives: We have reported the importance of osteoclastogenesis (OCG) in aneurysm formation. Therefore, we examined the effect of cigarette smoking on OCG and arterial aneurysmal formation by using cigarette smoke extract (CSE) in this study. Methods: Macrophage cell lines were stimulated with CSE, and their activation and differentiation were examined in vitro. Since macrophages activated through the OCG pathway are identified by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) expression, these cells are referred to as TRAP-positive macrophages (TPMs) in this study. We also applied CSE-contained PBS in the calcium chloride-induced mouse carotid aneurysm model in vivo. Results: Macrophages stimulated with CSE expressed significantly higher levels of nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), TRAP, cathepsin K, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and membrane-type metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). CSE-treated mouse aneurysms showed increased aneurysm size with increased TPM infiltration and protease expression compared to non-CSE-treated mouse aneurysms. Conclusions: These results suggest that CSE intensifies OCG in macrophages and promotes arterial aneurysmal progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Vascular Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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