Circulating cathepsin K as a potential novel biomarker of coronary artery disease

Xian Wu Cheng, Ryosuke Kikuchi, Hideki Ishii, Daiji Yoshikawa, Lina Hu, Ryotaro Takahashi, Rei Shibata, Nobuo Ikeda, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Okumura, Toyoaki Murohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Cathepsin K (CatK) is one of the most potent mammalian collagenases involved in atherosclerosis-based vascular disease. We investigated whether circulating CatK is associated with the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Two-hundred fifty-two consecutive subjects were enrolled from among patients who underwent coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound analyses. One-hundred thirty-two age-matched subjects served as controls. Plasma CatK, intact procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (I-PINP), and linked carboxy-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (ICTP) were measured. Results: Patients with CAD had higher CatK levels (44.0 ± 31.2 versus 15.5 ± 8.3 ng/mL, P < 0.001) and ICTP/I-PINP ratios (0.2 ± 0.1 versus 0.04 ± 0.03, P < 0.001) than the controls. Patients with acute coronary syndrome had higher CatK levels than those with stable angina pectoris. Overall, linear regression analysis showed that the CatK levels correlated positively with ICTP/I-PINP ratios (r = 0.41, P < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that CatK levels were independent predictors of CAD (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.23; P < 0.01). Furthermore, CatK levels were also correlated positively with percent plaque volumes and inversely with percent fibrous volumes by intravascular ultrasound. Conclusions: These data indicated that high levels of CatK are closely linked with the presence of CAD and that CatK serves as a novel biomarker for CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 05-2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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