Clinical characteristics and treatment of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in Young Women Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

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Abstract

BackgroundSpontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) has recently been recognized as a cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), especially in young women. However, the characteristics, optimal treatment, and prognosis of patients who experience SCAD have not been fully described.MethodsData were retrospectively collected from a multicenter registry. Among 187 young women less than 60 years of age who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 19 (10.2%) with SCAD were identified through coronary angiography. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were investigated.ResultsThose with SCAD less frequently exhibited coronary risk factors, such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, and smoking, than those without SCAD. Intense emotional and/or physical stress was more frequently observed as a prominent precipitating factor in cases of SCAD. All 19 SCAD patients presented with ACS, 7 of whom were treated using stents, and the other 12 treated without stents. During a median follow-up of 960 days (interquartile range, 686-1504 days), two recurrent coronary artery dissections occurred within 7 days, both of which occurred in a vessel other than that in which primary dissection occurred. There were no deaths or recurrent dissection after 1 week.ConclusionSCAD was not uncommon among young Japanese women requiring percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients with SCAD exhibited fewer coronary risk factors and more precipitating factors than those without SCAD, and long-term clinical outcomes after an early period appeared to be favorable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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