Background: There is limited understanding of the characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requiring hospitalization in Japan. Methods: This study included 2638 cases enrolled from 227 healthcare facilities that participated in the COVID-19 Registry Japan (COVIREGI-JP). The inclusion criteria for enrollment of a case in COVIREGI-JP are both (1) a positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test and (2) inpatient treatment at a healthcare facility. Results: The median age of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 was 56 years (interquartile range [IQR], 40-71 years). More than half of cases were male (58.9%, 1542/2619). Nearly 60% of the cases had close contact to confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19. The median duration of symptoms before admission was 7 days (IQR, 4-10 days). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (15%, 396/2638) and diabetes without complications (14.2%, 374/2638). The number of nonsevere cases (68.2%, n=1798) was twice the number of severe cases (31.8%, n=840) at admission. The respiratory support during hospitalization includes those who received no oxygen support (61.6%, 1623/2636) followed by those who received supplemental oxygen (29.9%, 788/2636) and invasive mechanical ventilation/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (8.5%, 225/2636). Overall, 66.9% (1762/2634) of patients were discharged home, while 7.5% (197/2634) died. Conclusions: We identified the clinical epidemiological features of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients in Japan. When compared with existing inpatient studies in other countries, these results demonstrated fewer comorbidities and a trend towards lower mortality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases