Clinical features of primary HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections

S. Suga, K. Suzuki, Masaru Ihira, H. Furukawa, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Y. Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a T-lymphotropic herpesvirus, belongs to one of two variants, A or B (HHV-6A and HHV-6B). HHV-6B is the cause of exanthem subitum (ES) which had a wide spectrum of related illnesses in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and blood cells including fatal outcome, however, a clear etiologic role has not been identified for HHV-6A. HHV-6 is ubiquitous and primary infection with the virus almost always occurs before the age of 2 years. On the other hand, human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7), isolated from CD4+ T lymphocytes from the peripheral blood of a healthy individual has been recognized as a new lymphotropic herpesvirus. The virus was distinct from the six previously identified human herpesviruses and had limited homology to human cytomegalovirus and HHV-6 by both molecular and immunological analyses. Healthy adults frequently shed the virus into saliva, and children are infected at a young age but somewhat later than HHV-6B. The primary infection with HHV-7 is linked to febrile illness with or without rash that resembles ES. A consensus is needed on whether the term should be used only for clinical features by primary infection with HHV-6 or for clinical syndromes featuring febrile exanthem by various infectious agents including HHV-6, HHV-7, enteroviruses, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalNippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
Volume56
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1998

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Human Herpesvirus 7
Human Herpesvirus 6
Herpesviridae Infections
Exanthema
Herpesviridae
Fever
Viruses
Fatal Outcome
Enterovirus
Virus Diseases
Infection
Cytomegalovirus
Saliva
Respiratory System
Gastrointestinal Tract
Blood Cells
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{20064aa285674af0bb52f4e3310ff15d,
title = "Clinical features of primary HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections",
abstract = "Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a T-lymphotropic herpesvirus, belongs to one of two variants, A or B (HHV-6A and HHV-6B). HHV-6B is the cause of exanthem subitum (ES) which had a wide spectrum of related illnesses in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and blood cells including fatal outcome, however, a clear etiologic role has not been identified for HHV-6A. HHV-6 is ubiquitous and primary infection with the virus almost always occurs before the age of 2 years. On the other hand, human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7), isolated from CD4+ T lymphocytes from the peripheral blood of a healthy individual has been recognized as a new lymphotropic herpesvirus. The virus was distinct from the six previously identified human herpesviruses and had limited homology to human cytomegalovirus and HHV-6 by both molecular and immunological analyses. Healthy adults frequently shed the virus into saliva, and children are infected at a young age but somewhat later than HHV-6B. The primary infection with HHV-7 is linked to febrile illness with or without rash that resembles ES. A consensus is needed on whether the term should be used only for clinical features by primary infection with HHV-6 or for clinical syndromes featuring febrile exanthem by various infectious agents including HHV-6, HHV-7, enteroviruses, etc.",
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Clinical features of primary HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections. / Suga, S.; Suzuki, K.; Ihira, Masaru; Furukawa, H.; Yoshikawa, Tetsushi; Asano, Y.

In: Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 203-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical features of primary HHV-6 and HHV-7 infections

AU - Suga, S.

AU - Suzuki, K.

AU - Ihira, Masaru

AU - Furukawa, H.

AU - Yoshikawa, Tetsushi

AU - Asano, Y.

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a T-lymphotropic herpesvirus, belongs to one of two variants, A or B (HHV-6A and HHV-6B). HHV-6B is the cause of exanthem subitum (ES) which had a wide spectrum of related illnesses in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and blood cells including fatal outcome, however, a clear etiologic role has not been identified for HHV-6A. HHV-6 is ubiquitous and primary infection with the virus almost always occurs before the age of 2 years. On the other hand, human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7), isolated from CD4+ T lymphocytes from the peripheral blood of a healthy individual has been recognized as a new lymphotropic herpesvirus. The virus was distinct from the six previously identified human herpesviruses and had limited homology to human cytomegalovirus and HHV-6 by both molecular and immunological analyses. Healthy adults frequently shed the virus into saliva, and children are infected at a young age but somewhat later than HHV-6B. The primary infection with HHV-7 is linked to febrile illness with or without rash that resembles ES. A consensus is needed on whether the term should be used only for clinical features by primary infection with HHV-6 or for clinical syndromes featuring febrile exanthem by various infectious agents including HHV-6, HHV-7, enteroviruses, etc.

AB - Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a T-lymphotropic herpesvirus, belongs to one of two variants, A or B (HHV-6A and HHV-6B). HHV-6B is the cause of exanthem subitum (ES) which had a wide spectrum of related illnesses in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and blood cells including fatal outcome, however, a clear etiologic role has not been identified for HHV-6A. HHV-6 is ubiquitous and primary infection with the virus almost always occurs before the age of 2 years. On the other hand, human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7), isolated from CD4+ T lymphocytes from the peripheral blood of a healthy individual has been recognized as a new lymphotropic herpesvirus. The virus was distinct from the six previously identified human herpesviruses and had limited homology to human cytomegalovirus and HHV-6 by both molecular and immunological analyses. Healthy adults frequently shed the virus into saliva, and children are infected at a young age but somewhat later than HHV-6B. The primary infection with HHV-7 is linked to febrile illness with or without rash that resembles ES. A consensus is needed on whether the term should be used only for clinical features by primary infection with HHV-6 or for clinical syndromes featuring febrile exanthem by various infectious agents including HHV-6, HHV-7, enteroviruses, etc.

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